無神論(むしんろん、英語: atheism、ラテン語: atheismus)は、世界観の説明に神の存在、意思の介在、仏教、ヒンドゥー教、ジャイナ教、道教のような精神的、超自然的、または超越的な概念などが存在しない、または不要と主張する考え方である。 無神論の論拠は、哲学的なものから社会的・歴史的なアプローチまで多岐にわたる。神を信じない根拠としては、証拠の欠如、悪の問題、矛盾した啓示からの議論、改竄できない概念の拒絶、不信仰からの議論などがある。無神論者は、無神論は有神論よりもより簡潔な立場であり、誰もが神への信仰を持たずに生まれてくると主張している。したがって証明責任は無神論者が神の存在を反証するのではなく、有神論者が有神論の根拠を示すことにあると主張する。無神論者の中には世俗的な哲学(例:世俗的ヒューマニズム)を採用している者もいるが、すべての無神論者が遵守すべきイデオロギーや行動規範は存在しない。 無神論の概念は様々であるため、現在の無神論者の数を正確に推定することは困難である。WIN-Gallup Internationalの世界中を対象とした調査によると、2012年には回答者の13%が「確信を持った無神論者」であり、2015年には11%が「確信を持った無神論者」であり、2017年には9%が「確信を持った無神論者」であった。しかし何十年もの間同じ表現を使用し、より多くのサンプルサイズを持つ他の調査では、一貫してより低い数値が得られているため、他の研究者はWIN/Gallupの数値に注意を促している。2004年に英国放送協会(BBC)が行った古い調査では、無神論者は世界人口の8%を占めていると記録されている。他の古い推定では、無神論者は世界人口の2%を占め、無宗教者はさらに12%を加えているとされている。

Atheism[Religion & Spirituality] 電子書籍の人気ランキング20

1  Ali A. Rizvi

The Atheist Muslim

The Atheist Muslim
商品価格:¥2,017
商品説明:In much of the Muslim world, religion is the central foundation upon which family, community, morality, and identity are built. The inextricable embedment of religion in Muslim culture has forced a new generation of non-believing Muslims to face the heavy costs of abandoning their parents’ religion: disowned by their families, marginalized from their communities, imprisoned, or even sentenced to d...
2  Leigh Eric Schmidt

The Church of Saint Thomas Paine

The Church of Saint Thomas Paine
商品価格:¥2,985
商品説明:The forgotten story of the nineteenth-century freethinkers and twentieth-century humanists who tried to build their own secular religion In The Church of Saint Thomas Paine, Leigh Eric Schmidt tells the surprising story of how freethinking liberals in nineteenth-century America promoted a secular religion of humanity centered on the deistic revolutionary Thomas Paine (1737–1809) and how their desc...
3  Jonathan MS Pearce

The Little Book of Unholy Questions

The Little Book of Unholy Questions
商品価格:¥812
商品説明:Jonathan M.S. Pearce's second book (after Free Will?) continues along the same philosophical and theological vein, aiming to provide a cumulative case against the existence of God, and more specifically, God's triple characteristics of omniscience, omnipotence and omnibenevolence. Split into useful categories with an introduction to each category, these are questions that demand to be answered ade...
4  Ricardo Max

A Dimensão Do Espírito

A Dimensão Do Espírito
商品価格:¥774
商品説明:A Dimensão do Espírito fala de fé e faz também uma abordagem cientifica sobre o avanço tecnológico da nossa era, o autor analisa os recentes testes sobre o acelerador de partículas e reflete sobre a descoberta da chamada partícula de Deus. Até que ponto as descobertas cientificas tem impactado nossa madeira de ver o mundo e tem afetado nossa crença em Deus. Ricardo Max fala do novo nascimento e da...
5  Rupert Shortt

Outgrowing Dawkins

Outgrowing Dawkins
商品価格:¥1,067
商品説明:‘A great read. Rupert Shortt demolishes Richard Dawkins’s arguments with consummate elegance.’ Julia Neuberger ‘A bracing demonstration that a Christian can myth-bust an atheist quite as effectively as vice versa.’ Tom Holland In his latest book Outgrowing God, Richard Dawkins tries to show that all religious belief is intellectually nonsensical and thus highly damaging in practice. But does he ev...
6  James Fodor

Unreasonable Faith

Unreasonable Faith
商品価格:¥832
商品説明:He has written or edited more than 30 books, his arguments for God and Jesus are frequently cited by Christian apologists around the world, and he has severely overstated his case through a series of blatant mischaracterizations and philosophical blunders. You may have heard of William Lane Craig, a professor of philosophy at Talbot School of Theology who is known for debating atheists, but even i...
7  Barrett A Evans

The Contemplative Skeptic: Spirituality for the Non-Religious and the Unorthodox

The Contemplative Skeptic: Spirituality for the Non-Religious and the Unorthodox
商品価格:¥738
商品説明:Skeptical but drawn to spirituality? Explore the best of both worlds.A former evangelical seminarian and ex-Roman Catholic, Barrett A. Evans is a skeptic who has retained a fascination with contemplative spirituality. Building on what he learned in his divinity, counseling, and historical studies, the author draws on hundreds of religious and secular sources in an effort to combine honest doubt wi...
8  Jonathan Sacks

The Great Partnership

The Great Partnership
商品価格:¥1,849
商品説明:***National Jewish Book Awards 2012, Finalist*** Dorot Foundation Award for Modern Jewish Thought and Experience An impassioned, erudite, thoroughly researched, and beautifully reasoned book from one of the most admired religious thinkers of our time that argues not only that science and religion are compatible, but that they complement each otherーand that the world needs both. “Atheism deserves b...
9  AtheistSocial

Atheists love God

Atheists love God
商品価格:¥359
商品説明:Learn everything you ever wanted to know about atheists, love and God from this funny & provocative little children's book for adults that will keep you thinking and laughing. "This is Eat Pray Love for atheists with a sense of humor, but with a lot less words, no mumbo-jumbo, no long unbelievable story and tons of pop culture references that will have you thinking about it long after you...
10  Richard Dawkins

Brief Candle in the Dark

Brief Candle in the Dark
商品価格:¥1,531
商品説明:In An Appetite for Wonder Richard Dawkins brought us his engaging memoir of the first 35 years of his life from early childhood in Africa to publication of The Selfish Gene in 1976, when he shot to fame as one of the most exciting new scientists of his generation. In Brief Candle in the Dark he continues his autobiography, following the threads that have run through the second half of his life so ...
11  Jeltje Gordon-Lennox

Crafting Meaningful Funeral Rituals

Crafting Meaningful Funeral Rituals
商品価格:¥1,966
商品説明:Funerals are among the most important life events in Western society, and fashioning a personalized ceremony for yourself or for a loved one is often the most meaningful way to celebrate the life of the deceased. For those wanting non-religious or secular funeral ceremonies, this step-by-step guide begins by identifying what you want from the funeral and showing how you can make it happen. With se...
12  Mikhail Bakunin

God and the State

God and the State
商品価格:¥120
商品説明:God and the State is an unfinished manuscript by the Russian anarchist philosopher Mikhail Bakunin, published posthumously in 1882. The work criticises Christianity and the then-burgeoning technocracy movement from a materialist, anarchist and individualist perspective. 。
13  Stéphane Charbonnier

Letero al la friponoj de islamofobio kiuj kaŝhelpas rasistojn

Letero al la friponoj de islamofobio kiuj kaŝhelpas rasistojn
商品価格:¥360
商品説明:Ĉi-tiun tekston la aŭtoro - desegnisto ĉe la fama franca gazeto Charlie-Hebdo - finskribis la 5-an de Januaro 2015, du tagojn antaŭ la terorista atako de islamistaj teroristoj al Charlie*-Hebdo, en kiu li perdis la vivon.* 。
14  Richard Dawkins

El espejismo de Dios

El espejismo de Dios
商品価格:¥950
商品説明:Desde su posición de declarado ateísmo, Dawkins disecciona en este libro la irracionalidad de la creencia en Dios y el daño que la religión, desde sus numerosas perspectivas, ha causado en la sociedad a través de los siglos. Mediante un exhaustivo análisis de todos los argumentos que sustentan la religión, demuestra la improbabilidad de la existencia de un ser supremo y ofrece las múltiples ventaj...
15  Arnold V. Page

God, Science and the Bible

God, Science and the Bible
商品価格:¥360
商品説明:Carefully researched and organized, God, Science and the Bible tackles head-on hard questions that relate to some of the most debated aspects of creation and the Christian faith. Along with new insights into the argument of design for the existence of God and the viability of the theory of evolution, Page adds his own compelling experiences of God's reality. Anyone who wants to know how the Bible'...
16  Andrew Levine

In Bad Faith

In Bad Faith
商品価格:¥2,239
商品説明:For readers interested in political theory and political activism, as well as anyone puzzled by the persistence of theistic conviction in the modern world, this critique of religious belief provides insightful analysis.In light of rational standards for belief acceptance that are universally acknowledged in enlightened circles, theistic convictions are deeply problematic. Thus it is not surprising...
17  Brian Johnston

If Atheism Is True...

If Atheism Is True...
商品価格:¥350
商品説明:Written by a nuclear scientist turned missionary, this book draws together some of Brian's previously published writings on apologetics to produce a concerted offensive against what the apostle Paul would surely describe as the ‘indefensible’ arguments of the so-called ‘New Atheists’. The short chapters in Brian’s usual conversational style serve as an ideal entry-level primer for anyone wanting t...
18  Khalid A. Wasi

It's Between What They Say

It's Between What They Say
商品価格:¥1,334
商品説明:It’s Between What they Say is very timely, because increasingly the gulf between secularism and religion gets wider. Unlike the days of old, when there were tremendous conflicts between different religions, today atheism is perhaps a larger threat to the notion of religion or God than another belief. Therefore, the author includes atheism in his spectrum of beliefs, rather than belief versus non-b...
19  Michael Shermer

Heavens on Earth

Heavens on Earth
商品価格:¥2,028
商品説明:A scientific exploration into humanity's obsession with the afterlife and the quest for immortality from the bestselling author and sceptic Michael Shermer In his most ambitious work yet, Shermer sets out to discover what drives humans' belief in life after death. For millennia, the awareness of our own mortality and failings has led to religions concocting comforting notions of an afterlife, of h...
20  E Christopher Reyes

In His Name Vol I A

In His Name Vol I A
商品価格:¥2,350
商品説明:The Christian clergy, for centuries has preached love, tolerance, and forgiveness, but history shows us just the opposite as Christian invaders have plundered, raped, stolen, enslaved, and murdered their way into the annals of history, world wide, while preaching love, tolerance, and forgiveness. 。
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