無神論(むしんろん、英語: atheism、ラテン語: atheismus)は、世界観の説明に神の存在、意思の介在、仏教、ヒンドゥー教、ジャイナ教、道教のような精神的、超自然的、または超越的な概念などが存在しない、または不要と主張する考え方である。 無神論の論拠は、哲学的なものから社会的・歴史的なアプローチまで多岐にわたる。神を信じない根拠としては、証拠の欠如、悪の問題、矛盾した啓示からの議論、改竄できない概念の拒絶、不信仰からの議論などがある。無神論者は、無神論は有神論よりもより簡潔な立場であり、誰もが神への信仰を持たずに生まれてくると主張している。したがって証明責任は無神論者が神の存在を反証するのではなく、有神論者が有神論の根拠を示すことにあると主張する。無神論者の中には世俗的な哲学(例:世俗的ヒューマニズム)を採用している者もいるが、すべての無神論者が遵守すべきイデオロギーや行動規範は存在しない。 無神論の概念は様々であるため、現在の無神論者の数を正確に推定することは困難である。WIN-Gallup Internationalの世界中を対象とした調査によると、2012年には回答者の13%が「確信を持った無神論者」であり、2015年には11%が「確信を持った無神論者」であり、2017年には9%が「確信を持った無神論者」であった。しかし何十年もの間同じ表現を使用し、より多くのサンプルサイズを持つ他の調査では、一貫してより低い数値が得られているため、他の研究者はWIN/Gallupの数値に注意を促している。2004年に英国放送協会(BBC)が行った古い調査では、無神論者は世界人口の8%を占めていると記録されている。他の古い推定では、無神論者は世界人口の2%を占め、無宗教者はさらに12%を加えているとされている。

Atheism[Religion & Spirituality] 電子書籍の人気ランキング20

1  Leo Zen

Peccato e redenzione

Peccato e redenzione
商品価格:¥727
商品説明:Il cristianesimo, che da circa due mila anni oscura e opprime gran parte dell'umanità, poggia essenzialmente su due pilastri dai piedi d'argilla. Il primo afferma che la caduta di Adamo ha trasformato l'intera umanità in una "massa dannata", assoggettata alle sofferenze e alla morte. Il secondo, che mediante l'immolazione di Cristo, è stata concessa all'uomo la Redenzione che lo ha riscattato dall...
2  Bertrand Russell

Perché non sono cristiano

Perché non sono cristiano
商品価格:¥1,100
商品説明:NOBEL LETTERATURA 1950 «Il cristianesimo pervade la società occidentale da così tanto tempo, e in maniera così invasiva, che le opinioni su di esso e sul suo ruolo ricoprono l’intero spettro delle possibilità: dalla constatazione di Sören Kierkegaard che ’non possiamo essere cristiani’, per l’impossibilità di vivere un autentico rapporto personale con Gesù, all’affermazione di Benedetto Croce che ...
3  Aleister Crowley

White Stains

White Stains
商品価格:¥99
商品説明:"My essential spirituality is made manifest by yet another publication, which stands as a testimony of my praeterhuman innocence. The book is called White Stains and is commonly quoted by my admirers as evidence of my addiction to every kind of unmentionable vice. Asses! It is, indeed, technically, an obscene book and yet the fact that I wrote it proves the purity of my heart and the mind in the m...
4  তামান্না ঝুমু

নিঃসীম নূরানী অন্ধকারে

নিঃসীম নূরানী অন্ধকারে
商品価格:¥0
商品説明:তামান্না ঝুমুর লেখা তীব্র শ্লেষাত্মক ও প্রশ্ন-জাগানিয়া ছোট ছোট ক্ষুরধার চিন্তার সিরিজ 'নিঃসীম নূরানী অন্ধকারে' ধর্মকারীতে প্রকাশকালেই পাঠকমহলে যথেষ্ট সাড়া জাগিয়েছে। ইবুক বানানোর দাবিও উত্থাপিত হয়েছে বারকয়েক। দাবি মেনে নিয়ে প্রকাশ করা হচ্ছে 'নিঃসীম নূরানী অন্ধকারে'-র প্রথম খণ্ড। Dhormockery Ebook by Tamanna Jhumu Smashwords Online Edition 。
5  Tom Fox

Why Atheism? A Personal Journey

Why Atheism? A Personal Journey
商品価格:¥359
商品説明:Follow the steps of a forty-year journey from faith to atheism through the author's eyes. If you are an atheist, you will no doubt recognize the process of seeing behind the curtain and recognizing religion is a fraud. If you are a theist in doubt of your faith, you are not alone. Follow your own path and think for yourself. Your life will be much more rich and full. 。
6  Baron d' Paul Henri Thiry Holbach

De la cruauté religieuse

De la cruauté religieuse
商品価格:¥450
商品説明:Paul-Henri Thiry, baron d’Holbach, né Paul Heinrich Dietrich von Holbach, né à Edesheim, Rhénanie-Palatinat, le 8 décembre 1723 et mort à Paris le 21 janvier 1789, est un savant et philosophe matérialiste d’origine allemande et d’expression française. Seigneur de Heeze, Leende et Zesgehuchten (Brabant), il était propriétaire du château de Heeze. 。
7  William T Cavanaugh

The Myth of Religious Violence

The Myth of Religious Violence
商品価格:¥8,512
商品説明:The idea that religion has a dangerous tendency to promote violence is part of the conventional wisdom of Western societies, and it underlies many of our institutions and policies, from limits on the public role of religion to efforts to promote liberal democracy in the Middle East. William T. Cavanaugh challenges this conventional wisdom by examining how the twin categories of religion and the se...
8  Richard Dawkins

An Appetite For Wonder: The Making of a Scientist

An Appetite For Wonder: The Making of a Scientist
商品価格:¥1,404
商品説明:Born to parents who were enthusiastic naturalists, and linked through his wider family to a clutch of accomplished scientists, Richard Dawkins was bound to have biology in his genes. But what were the influences that shaped his life? And who inspired him to become the pioneering scientist and public thinker now famous (and infamous to some) around the world? In An Appetite for Wonder we join him o...
9  Beppe Amico (curatore)

Medjugorje - La Madonna parla del futuro del mondo

Medjugorje - La Madonna parla del futuro del mondo
商品価格:¥242
商品説明:In questo secondo capitolo della collana dedicata ai fenomeni di Medjugorje, vengono presentati i temi più importanti della fede alla luce dell'attuale contesto mondiale. In questo periodo di crisi imperante, di conflitti, di gravi tensioni, che corrispondono anche ad una massiccia scristianizzazione, all'abbandono di Dio e di ogni forma di spiritualità da parte di moltissime persone, i messaggi d...
10  JD Brucker

Reason Over Faith: Antitheism & the Case Against Religion

Reason Over Faith: Antitheism & the Case Against Religion
商品価格:¥337
商品説明:Many contend religion is, in its entirety, tolerant and stands as a force for good. Millions of human beings worship a god and follow the doctrine of their chosen faith, never considering how harmful their beliefs may be. In Reason over Faith: Antitheism and the Case against Religion, J. D. Brucker takes a stand against all that is considered holy, giving the reader an introduction to how the top ...
11  Betty Brogaard

The Homemade Atheist

The Homemade Atheist
商品価格:¥1,584
商品説明:In this personal memoir, a former evangelical Christian shares her journey away from her confining faith toward a happier, healthier, nonreligious life. Betty Brogaard was raised to be a good Christian. By the time she was twenty years old, she had joined a fundamentalist church. She even met and married a young man who became a minister in the congregation. However, the more she came to understan...
12  Rodney Stark

Il trionfo della fede

Il trionfo della fede
商品価格:¥2,400
商品説明:Nel suo ultimo saggio Stark dimostra con il consueto rigore l'infondatezza del mito secondo cui il mondo starebbe abbandonando la fede e la religione. Basandosi su un sondaggio che abbraccia più di un milione di persone in 163 nazioni, arriva alla conclusione opposta, ne spiega le ragioni e prevede le conseguenze sul nostro futuro, sbaragliando con dati e fatti l'opinione corrente. Soprattutto evi...
13  Ville V. Kokko

God Is Alive

God Is Alive
商品価格:¥0
商品説明:Synopsis: A would-be atheist philosopher has a personal interaction with God and is given a physics defying miracle of proof. After Dinner Conversation believes humanity is improved by ethics and morals grounded in philosophical truth. Philosophical truth is discovered through intentional reflection and respectful debate. In order to facilitate that process, we have created a growing series of sho...
14 

The Australian Book of Atheism

The Australian Book of Atheism
商品価格:¥2,974
商品説明:Does the Anzac ethos have roots in atheism? Does prayer have a place in Parliament? Should ‘creation science’ be taught in Australian schools? Is atheism maligned in political debate? Will Australia’s future be godless? While prominent international thinkers have made significant contributions to the general conversation on belief and religion, Australians have been less heard. The Australian Book...
15  John W. Loftus

Unapologetic

Unapologetic
商品価格:¥1,134
商品説明:Just as intelligent design is not a legitimate branch of biology in public educational institutions, nor should the philosophy of religion be a legitimate branch of philosophy. So argues acclaimed author John W. Loftus in this forceful takedown of the very discipline in which he was trained. In his call for ending the philosophy of religion, he argues that, as it is presently being practiced, the ...
16  Jonathan MS Pearce

The Nativity: A Critical Examination

The Nativity: A Critical Examination
商品価格:¥975
商品説明:The nativity of Jesus is an event that carries much cultural recognition. However, is it a narrative which commands much support in the academic world? Is it a story which holds much historical truth? Or were the two biblical accounts of the birth of Jesus an opportunity for the authors to impart a theological truth or otherwise? These are the sort of questions that are often asked of the nativity...
17  Charles A. O'Connor

The Great War and the Death of God

The Great War and the Death of God
商品価格:¥1,584
商品説明:A compelling analysis of how World War I spurred the rise of atheism and the subsequent effect on Western theology, philosophy, literature, and art. The catastrophic Great War left humanity in a world no longer trustworthy and reassuring but seemingly meaningless and indifferent. Instead of redressing humanity’s cosmic alienation, postwar Western culture abandoned its concern for cosmic meaning, l...
18  Mark Silversides

Faith in the Age of Science

Faith in the Age of Science
商品価格:¥546
商品説明:"An outstanding book, and a much needed one, presenting a reasoned response to atheism. Appreciating the great scientific advances of our time and their religious components, the book is user friendly, even to readers who are not trained scientists. Mindbending terms and maths are explained clearly as far as such can be, and the judgements feel fair not partisan. I recommend it to my students and ...
19  Erik Angus MacRae

How Social Atheism Dethroned Christianity and Seized Power in the West, and the Caustic Effects of Darwinian Theory in the World

How Social Atheism Dethroned Christianity and Seized Power in the West, and the Caustic Effects of Darwinian Theory in the World
商品価格:¥150
商品説明:This book, the first of the three volume series "Observational commentaries on Social Atheism" features a description of the history of how Christianity arose to popularity to the West, and a description of how modern Social Atheism arose: that is, how following the "age of enlightenment" numerous elements gave way for the rise of Atheism generally recognized in two organized forms, Darwinism and ...
20  Krish Kandiah

Faitheism

Faitheism
商品価格:¥1,388
商品説明:Over the past decade the Religion vs. Atheism debate has generated a lot more heat than light. With passionate advocates on both sides, it is possible we have lost sight of the real people and problems behind the controversies and conflicts. Where does the truth lie? In Faitheism Krish Kandiah asks us to take a long hard look at ourselves - and a more understanding look at each other. Written for ...
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